Until the 18th century the rural population of the present term of Requena was not abundant, because most of the territory was devoted to pastures of grazing, in which there were scattered houses. In the surroundings of these houses were opening up agricultural land, dedicated to cereal or irrigation, where it was possible, and you were creating calls "work", estates of greater or lesser extent, belonging to well-to-do urban families and where working workers or tenants.
From the 18th century, with the growth of the population is going expanded the cultivated land and the existing villages are forming with concentrated population and abundant work and small hamlets scattered houses.
From the century 19th, after them confiscations, and especially with the massive planting of vine, in the second half of that century, the growth population of them villages was vertiginous until the middle of the century XX. At this time the city had about 8,500 inhabitants and the rural population reached the 12,000. But, the rural exodus which began in the second half of the 20th century has been emptying houses of work, some villages and hamlets and others declining.
Currently the population urban has grown, surpassing them 16,000 inhabitants in the city and the rural has low, exist in the 25 districts little more than 4,000 inhabitants, counting that in San Antonio is concentrated almost 2,000.
The inhabitants of the rural areas of Requena have been dedicated to rainfed agriculture mainly from cereals to the vine into this monoculture. There is that add a part dedicated to olive and almond trees, having is banished the cultivation of the cereal virtually today. The orchards that were very estimated by the production of vegetables, cereals, forages and legumes, are today abandoned by the scarce profitability.
Complement of the production agricultural was the livestock of sheep and goats and the beekeeping that from centuries practiced the transhumance to the Sierra of basin in summer and to regions Valencian more warm in winter. Important was the use of mountain villages located between pine forests, until the rural exodus began. Loggers, lenateros, tornilleros and Colliers had clean our mountains and earned, hard with this, their wages.
Within the dedicated to the agriculture existed different scales between which fits highlight them farmers landowners with servants permanent and day laborers to seasons. Medium property tenants that hired temporary workers. Small property farmers increased their income with beekeeping. Renteros that lived in work and paid to them masters its corresponding rented in species and them day laborers that could be permanent in a work or with a Squire and them laborers temporary that worked in pickups and in the time free in the use of the mount. The pastors could be owners, contracted in a work or in houses of landowners.
Neighborhood Brook is located between San Juan and Rome, to little more than one kilometer of San Antonio, of which le separates the river lean
Arroyo neighborhood is located between San Juan and Rome, just over one kilometre from San Antonio, that separates him the river Magro
We are in one of the villages most stable population of the municipality of Requena
Named D. Alonso de la Cuadra , who owned land and house in this game around 1710
Casas de Eufemia usually live about 170 people in a population that is about 10 minutes by car Requena
This village , surrounded by pine forests, is an ideal place to spend the summer and rest
If you doubt the highlight of this district is the wooden wheel originally built in the eighteenth century
The name of the hamlet of El Azagador has its origin in converting irrigated the banks of the River Oleana (now Rio Magro ) by the Arabs
Its name probably comes from spills of old farmhouses in the area. The beginnings are linked to the Oria House (now Bodegas Torre Oria) , former work house
Pontoon is the closest to Requena, about 3 kilometers’ parish. It is one of the best connected villages, and that makes their future is more than assured
The origin of Rebollar is due to a primitive chapel next to the old road from Valencia, not far from the chapel of Nrta.Sra. del Rosario
It has many places, roads and paths where you can walk among which include the Toyo Oscuro
In the environment we find different paths and routes that allow us to enjoy pleasant scenery
Surrounded by forests and mountains it offers plenty of opportunities for walking, cycling or hiking
One of its main attractions is the area known as El Saltadero located next to the Rambla Albosa
Las Nogueras , located in the Sierra de Juan Navarro , has undoubted natural and scenic values
Located within the Natural Park of the nature park it has a variety of landscapes and natural landscapes
The Isidros, located on the N- 332 that unites Requena with Albacete, is one of the most dynamic districts of the term thanks to its 500 inhabitants
The landscape of this village consists of a large expanse of vineyards and pine forests invite us to take long and pleasant walks
Los Ruices is one of the most remote villages of Requena , and on the border with the municipality of Venta del Moro
Its beginnings are linked to a house of a wealthy industrialist work Mercer Requena, surnamed Penen , built in this place
Roma, one of the districts of the valley of the River Magro, is about 7 kilometers from Requena, and a mere two kilometers from San Antonio, practically a walk
The origins of San Antonio is very old and already registered as a stable entity of population in the mid- fifteenth century , as evidenced by the construction of the chapel in 1444 under the patronage of San Antonio
The first references to this core documents are in the Middle Ages, and are always related to Real Vereda la Mancha connecting with Valencia
Villar de Olmos has important archaeological sites attesting human presence in the area thousands of years ago